set: volcanoes // series: black smokers // picture:
What are smokers?
and how do the form?
A chimney deep under the sea
In 1998 an expedition went to the North-Eastern Pacific to the previously discovered Mothra Hydrothermal Vent Field. The aims were to recover awhole Chimneys from the sea floor, to investigate what life forms were present and what mineralogical and faunal interactions they took part in.. . . . more